Travel is the movement of people between distant geographical locations. ] Travel can also include relatively short stays between successive movements. The origin of the word "travel" is most likely lost to history. ] According to the Merriam Webster dictionary, the first known use of the word travel was in the 14th century. It also states that the word comes from Middle English travailen, travelen (which means to torment, labor, strive, journey) and earlier from Old French travailler (which means to work strenuously, toil).
In English we still occasionally use the words "travail", which means struggle. ] or waging or fleeing war or for the enjoyment of traveling. Travellers may use human-powered transport such as walking or bicycling; or vehicles, such as public transport, automobiles, trains and airplanes. Taking personal time for building interpersonal relationships. Travel in the Middle Ages offered hardships and challenges, however, it was important to the economy and to society.
In the late 16th century it became fashionable for young European aristocrats and wealthy upper class men to travel to significant European cities as part of their education in the arts and literature. This was known as the Grand Tour, it included cities such as London, Paris, Venice, Florence and Rome.
Travel by water often provided more comfort and speed than land-travel, at least until the advent of a network of railways in the 19th century. Travel for the purpose of tourism is reported to have started around this time when people began to travel for fun as travel was no longer a hard and challenging task.
Travel may be local, regional, national (domestic) or international. In some countries, non-local internal travel may require an internal passport, while international travel typically requires a passport and visa. Buzard, J. (1993) The Beaten Track. University of Florida, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Peters, F. E. (1994). The Hajj: The Muslim Pilgrimage to Mecca and the Holy Places. Princeton University Press. p. Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. The risks of travel Archived 2001-09-07 at the Wayback Machine.